For the seventh time, Dr. Leonhardt van Efferink (GeoMeans) is Course Leader at Maastricht Summer School in 2019.
One of his courses is Geopolitical Scenario Planning. Below, you find more information about this course. To apply for this Summer School, please click here.
Please contact Leonhardt if you cannot find the answer to your question on this page.
“One of Leonhardt’s most remarkable skills as university lecturer is his perceptive understanding of different views as well as the formulation of challenging questions.” – Juan Pablo from Argentina
Introduction to Geopolitical Scenario Planning Summer School
The melting of the Arctic ice cap, the disputed maritime boundaries in the South China Sea and the involvement of many states in the Syrian War underline the geopolitical complexity in international relations.
This course teaches you the skills to identify the geopolitical drivers of inter-state conflicts, write scenarios for these conflicts and assess the impact of these scenarios on the foreign policy strategy of the states involved.
What is national security, and why is it often seen as a national interest? Which territories and maritime areas are subject to conflicts between states? And how can scenario planning help you imagine the future of such conflicts and anticipate likely responses to them by the states involved?
To answer these questions, you first analyze the geopolitical risk drivers of one geopolitical conflict. You then analyze the foreign policy strategy of one of the states that are involved in this conflict. The final assignment is a group effort and concerns the writing of four scenarios for one geopolitical conflict, and the possible responses of the aforementioned state to each scenario.
You present your findings in class. Interactive lectures and roundtable discussions help you prepare for your assignments.
To apply for this Summer School, please click here.
Goals of Geopolitical Scenario Planning Summer School
▪ Designing an analytical framework to study the role of geopolitical factors in foreign policy;
▪ Writing scenarios for areas that are contested by multiple states and exploring plausible foreign policy responses by these states;
▪ Understanding how national security as a key national interest can be defined by states;
▪ Developing your critical thinking skills by productively combining knowledge, assumptions and questions;
▪ Boosting your employability by acquiring valuable skills required for positions in business, government and academia.
Timetable of Geopolitical Scenario Planning Summer School
|Maastricht University, The Netherlands, 5-9 August 2019 (Timetable may be subject to change)(To apply for this Summer School, please click here)|
|Day||Start Time||End Time||Title||Type|
|Monday||9:00||10:00||1. Introduction of Convenor, Participants and Program||RD|
|10:00||11:00||2. Your Assignments||IL|
|11:00||12:00||3. Geopolitics, Geostrategy and Geo-Economics||IL|
|12:00||13:00||4. National Identity, National Power and National Security||IL|
|14:00||15:00||5. Geopolitical Scenario Planning 1: Driving Forces||IL|
|15:00||16:00||6. Driving Forces of Egyptian-Ethiopian Rivalry over Nile Water||WS|
|Tuesday||9:00||11:00||7. Driving Forces of Geopolitical Conflicts||SP|
|11:00||12:00||8. Geopolitical Scenario Planning 2: Foreign Policy Strategy||IL|
|12:00||13:00||9. Foreign Policy Strategy of Egypt and Ethiopia||WS|
|Wednesday||9:00||11:00||10. Foreign Policy Strategy of Countries Involved in Geopolitical Conflicts||SP|
|11:00||12:00||11. Geopolitical Scenario Planning 3: Writing Scenarios||IL|
|12:00||13:00||12. Scenarios for Egyptian-Ethiopian Rivalry over Nile Water||WS|
|Thursday||(Finishing Your Presentation for Friday)|
|Friday||9:00||12:00||13. Scenarios for Geopolitical Conflicts||SP|
|12:00||13:00||14. Lessons Learned and Way Forward||RD|
Suggested literature for Geopolitical Scenario Planning Summer School
Below you find some general reading suggestions. It is not required to do some reading before the course.
If you like to read something, select the sources that are closest to your research interests. Alternatively, please ask Leonhardt for personal reading advice or visit this page.
▪ Baldwin, D. (1997) The Concept of Security. Review of International Studies. Vol. 23, pp. 5-26.
▪ Beasley, R.K., Kaarbo, J., Lantis, J.S. and Snarr, M.T. (2013) Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective. Domestic and international influences on state behaviour.
▪ Cattaruzza, A. and Sintès, P. (2016) Géopolitique des conflits.
▪ Gourdin, P. (2010) Géopolitiques. Manuel de géopolitique.
▪ Jarvis, K. and Holland, J. (2015) Security. A critical introduction.
▪ Kelly, E. (2006) Powerful times. Rising to the challenge of our uncertain world.
▪ Lindgren, M. and Bandhold, H. (2009) Scenario planning. The link between future and strategy.
▪ Nye, J. S. Jr. and Welch, D.A. (2016) Understanding global conflict and cooperation: An introduction to theory and history (10th ed.).
▪ Smith, S., Hadfield, A. and Dunne, T. (eds., 2016) Foreign policy. Theories, actors, cases (3rd ed.).
▪ Schwartz, P. (1996) The art of the long view – Planning for the future in an uncertain world.
To apply for Geopolitical Scenario Planning Summer School, please click here.